By T. Douglas Price
"Although occupied purely fairly in short within the lengthy span of worldwide prehistory, Scandinavia is a unprecedented laboratory for investigating previous human societies. the realm was once basically unoccupied until eventually the tip of the final Ice Age whilst the melting of massive ice sheets left in the back of a clean, barren land floor, which used to be ultimately lined through natural world. the 1st people didn't arrive until eventually someday after 13,500 BCE. The prehistoric continues to be of human task in Scandinavia--much of it remarkably preserved in its toilets, lakes, and fjords--have given archaeologists a richly particular portrait of the evolution of human society. during this publication, Doug expense offers an archaeological background of Scandinavia--a land mass comprising the fashionable nations of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway-from the arriving of the 1st people after the final Ice Age to the tip of the Viking interval, ca. advert 1050. developed equally to the author's earlier ebook, Europe ahead of Rome, historic Scandinavia presents overviews of every prehistoric epoch via particular, illustrative examples from the archaeological list. An engrossing and accomplished photo emerges of swap around the millennia, as human society evolves from small bands of hunter--gatherers to massive farming groups to the advanced warrior cultures of the Bronze and Iron a long time, which culminated within the astounding upward push of the Vikings. the cloth facts of those earlier societies--arrowheads from reindeer hunts, megalithic tombs, rock paintings, fantastically wrought weaponry, Viking warships--give shiny testimony to the traditional people who as soon as referred to as domestic this frequently unforgiving fringe of the inhabitable world"--
"This ebook is set the prehistory of Scandinavia, from the 1st population to their Viking descendants. Scandinavia during this examine contains the fashionable international locations of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. the 1st bankruptcy presents frameworks for realizing the prehistory of Scandinavia, focusing on position, time, and archaeology. the following chapters are geared up by way of the key archeological divisions of the time among the coming of the 1st population, someday after 13,500 BC, and the tip of the Viking interval, ca. advert 1050, from the tip of the Pleistocene, to the early Neolithic, to the Vikings. The archaeology of this zone presents an excellent point of view at the improvement of human society. it is a form of laboratory for the evolution of human tradition that enables us to envision distinctive proof approximately earlier adjustments in human society and to invite questions on what happened in this strategy. Human teams in Scandinavia developed from small bands of migratory hunters to village farmers, metal-using tribes, and early states in approximately 10,000 years. whereas the point of interest of this quantity is on Scandinavia, what has been realized there has implications throughout a wider set of archaeological questions: how do people colonize new areas, how do hunter-gatherers adapt to tough environments, how do people deal with dramatic adjustments of their setting, how very important was once the ocean for hunter-gatherers, why did foragers develop into farmers, what have been the results of farming, how did hierarchical social relationships increase, how did early states function? perception on those questions in Scandinavia sheds gentle somewhere else within the prehistoric world"-- Read more...
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Extra resources for Ancient Scandinavia : an archaeological history from the first humans to the Vikings
7). Annual temperatures were 8°–10°C (14°–18°F) colder than today, and the ice sheets reached their furthest extent. Only the western parts of Jylland and the west Norwegian coast were ice-free in Scandinavia. A large part of what is today the North Sea was ice-covered, connecting Jylland with Britain. The weight of this continental ice sheet pushed down the landmass of northern Europe, often to great depths. 9 miles) thick, and the land surface under that ice resembles a very deep bowl, higher at the edges where the ice is thinner.
6000 4000 2000 0 2000 There are a series of subdivisions at the Years AD/BC end of the Pleistocene and through the P lace , T ime , and A rchaeology 11 Holocene that are important for understanding environmental changes in the region. 6 is a general chronological framework for the geological and archaeological periods used in this volume. In this chart, time is shown in years BC and AD in the left column. All of the dates used in this volume are given in calendar years BC, usually based on the calibration of radiocarbon measurements.
Archaeologists don’t directly study people or society. Their evidence is dead, lost, or discarded, and often broken. They study P lace , T ime , and A rchaeology 13 the remains of the activities that have survived to the present from individuals and groups in the past. Those remains found together at archaeological sites constitute a set of artifacts (an assemblage), features, burials, and sometimes architecture that are typical of a particular time, place, and people. Archaeologists use the term archaeological culture for a series of similar assemblages from the same time period and region.
Ancient Scandinavia : an archaeological history from the first humans to the Vikings by T. Douglas Price