By P. R. S. Moorey
This can be the 1st systematic try to survey intimately the archaeological proof for the crafts and craftsmanship of the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians in historic Mesopotamia (c. 8000-300 BC). P.R.S. Moorey experiences in brief the textual proof, and is going directly to study intimately quite a lot of crafts and fabrics: stones, either universal and decorative, animal items, ceramics, glazed fabrics and glass, metals, and development fabrics. With a entire bibliography, this generously illustrated quantity might be a key paintings of reference for archaeologists and people attracted to the early historical past of crafts and know-how, in addition to for experts within the old close to East.
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Additional info for Ancient Mesopotamian Materials and Industries: The Archaeological Evidence
It is unfortunate that it is difficult to date the levels cxcavated by Genouillac at Telloh in which he noted a particular wealth of stone vessels in calcium-based stones, with dark stones and 'rocks of porphyritic type' (Genouillac 1934: 50, pI. 5'2a). In so far as the published evidence goes, there is a marked contrast with Uruk IV and Telloh, where the evidence may be later, since there is a difference of shapes and of the stones used. At Telloh obsidian, for instance, is not reported and the footed vessels and narrow beaker-like shapes of Uruk also appear to be missing.
He mentions alabaster, brecciated limestone, chlorite, diorite, fine~grained micaceous calcareous sandstone, serpen· tine, gritty shale, steatite, and white limestone at this site, all expertly identified. The shapes of stone vessels aTe still in the Bouqras and Tell es-Sawwan tradition, including miniatures: 'many of them are beautifully finished, and have a high polish' (Mallowan 1935-76). An isolated obsidian vase is of particular interest. Its outer surface is roughly 'pecked' and 'it was evidently ground out with a cylindrical drill, but as will be seen from the section, the obsidian worker feared for the fracture of the vase and was content to leave a very small aperture' (Mallowan 1935: 76, fig.
On both these sites, stone vessels were found in domestic debris not in graves. In neither place was there direct workshop evidence of manufacture on site; but local, if not on-site, production was assumed from the presence of partly finished vessels, of appropriate tools, and use of local stones. At Jarmo the vessels were generally open bowls, with straight or carved (sometimes carinated) sides; 'the regularity of form, the high polish, and the extreme thinness that were frequently achieved reflect a high degree of craftsmanship' (Adams 1983: 2(9).
Ancient Mesopotamian Materials and Industries: The Archaeological Evidence by P. R. S. Moorey