By Katsura Aoyama
During this monograph Katsura Aoyama provides a chain of psycholinguistic investigations on consonantal differences in Finnish and eastern. the writer deftly describes ameliorations in grownup creation, belief, and baby acquisition of those differences. this is often an immense paintings for these drawn to contemporary advancements in theoretical and psycholinguistics.
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Extra info for A Psycholinguistic Perspective on Finnish and Japanese Prosody: Perception, Production and Child Acquisition of Consonantal Quantity Distinctions
Nouns, pronouns, adverb and case particles) are separated by spaces (wakachigaki,2 see Oshima-Takane & MacWhinney 1994), although there are no such divisions in written Japanese. Because of wakachigaki, it seems as if the Japanese data has more words in it (see Table 2), but the numbers of sentences are is about the same. The Finnish data were simply inputted as they were written, due to my lack of ability to analyze them into morphemic level. The Japanese data were examined later to see if there were geminates across the separations, such as a noun ending with a n followed by a case marker ni.
They were told the names of the girls and instructed to press the appropriate buttons as they heard the names. The buttons were marked with colored stickers (a red one for Hana, a blue one for Hanna) . Names were not written on the stickers. A short instruction for the experiment was then presented in English on the computer screen in the beginning and ten stimuli were presented randomly. This procedure was repeated ten times; thus the instruction appeared every ten stimuli, and a total of 100 stimuli were presented to each subject.
Vowell. n  Vowel 21 Figure 8. 8e Z" 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Nasal proportion Figure 9. 83). 8% in [anna] on average. 3% in experiment 1). 8% in experiment 1). Figure 9 shows token frequency distributions by the proportion of the nasal in the Japanese data. The nasal proportion of each token was calculated and plotted according to the percentage of the nasal. The overlap between the two lines, [ana] and [anna], was much larger as compared to Finnish; there were 23 tokens of [ana] and 11 tokens of [anna] that had about 35-44% of nasal proportion.
A Psycholinguistic Perspective on Finnish and Japanese Prosody: Perception, Production and Child Acquisition of Consonantal Quantity Distinctions by Katsura Aoyama