By Agamenon R. E. Oliveira
This ebook lines the historical past of the concept that of labor from its earliest levels and indicates that its extra formalization ends up in equilibrium precept and to the primary of digital works, and so pointing the best way forward for destiny examine and applications.
The concept that anything is still consistent in a desktop operation is particularly previous and has been expressed by way of many mathematicians and philosophers equivalent to, for example, Aristotle. therefore, an idea of power constructed. one other very important thought in computer operation is Archimedes' lever principle.
In glossy occasions the concept that of labor is analyzed within the context of utilized mechanics customarily in Lazare Carnot mechanics and the mechanics of the recent new release of polytechnical engineers like Navier, Coriolis and Poncelet. during this context the note "work" is ultimately followed. those engineers also are chargeable for the incorporation of the concept that of labor into the self-discipline of economics after they endeavoured to mix the examine of the paintings of machines and males together.
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Additional info for A History of the Work Concept: From Physics to Economics
The final result of this process is called the negation of the negation, a synthetic unit which has discarded the transitional forms but preserved within itself the essential content of both sides of the contradictory whole. Historical Materialism means knowledge of the laws of human evolution, or partial knowledge that can be elevated to a theory of superior degree by an integration process accomplished by Dialectical Materialism. Historical Materialism is a human science and Dialectical Materialism is a science of global reality (Lefebvre 1940).
4 Theory of Knowledge Despite Marx having not written anything about dialectic, he used this method extensively in his political and economic writings. Only Engels, mainly in: From Utopian Socialism to Scientific Socialism, Ludwig Feuerbach and the end of German Classical Philosophy, Dialectics of Nature and Anti-Dühring, provided a general overview of a Marxist theory of knowledge. But it is quite obvious that Engels had discussed dialectics with Marx to the extent that this method was a common theme in the work of both founders of Marxism.
In the second question about nature as capital, Paul Burkett postulates: “Marxism deepens the critique of monetary and market valuation by rooting it more firmly in the relations of production. In the Marxist view, not only are generalized market exchange and monetary valuation a function of the separation of workers from necessary conditions of production, but the same separation enables market prices to be regulated by the abstract; (homogenous) labour time objectified in commodities. Burkett continues: While recognizing that workers often struggle in ways that do not fundamentally question wage-labour and the capitalization of nature, Marxism detects a radical potential for worker-community movements to fight for new relations of production that treat human-natural relations as ends in themselves rather than instruments of alienated production and profit-making”.
A History of the Work Concept: From Physics to Economics by Agamenon R. E. Oliveira