By Eric H. Cline
In 1177 B.C., marauding teams recognized in basic terms because the "Sea Peoples" invaded Egypt. The pharaoh's military and army controlled to defeat them, however the victory so weakened Egypt that it quickly slid into decline, as did lots of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized international of the Bronze Age got here to an abrupt and cataclysmic finish. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the process quite a few many years. not more Minoans or Mycenaeans. not more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving economic system and cultures of the past due moment millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, without notice ceased to exist, in addition to writing structures, expertise, and huge structure. however the Sea Peoples by myself couldn't have brought on such frequent breakdown. How did it happen?
In this significant new account of the explanations of this "First darkish Ages," Eric Cline tells the gripping tale of the way the tip used to be led to via a number of interconnected disasters, starting from invasion and riot to earthquakes, drought, and the slicing of foreign exchange routes. Bringing to existence the colourful multicultural international of those nice civilizations, he attracts a sweeping landscape of the empires and globalized peoples of the overdue Bronze Age and indicates that it used to be their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic cave in and ushered in a dismal age that lasted centuries.
A compelling blend of narrative and the most recent scholarship, 1177 B.C. sheds new mild at the advanced ties that gave upward push to, and finally destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the past due Bronze Age--and that set the level for the emergence of classical Greece.
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Extra resources for 1177 B.C. : the year civilization collapsed
We shall consider these possibilities in greater detail below. Nevertheless, for decades of scholarly research the Sea Peoples were a convenient scapegoat, taking the fall for a situation that may have been far more complex and not of their own making. The tide is now turning, for several scholars have recently pointed out that the “story” of the Sea Peoples’ catastrophic wave of wanton destruction and/or migration had been created by scholars such as Gaston Maspero, the famous French Egyptologist, as early as the 1860s and 1870s, and was solidified by 1901.
Perhaps they simply didn’t fit. Hammurabi’s law code, which is the first to contain the saying “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” later made famous by the Hebrew Bible, does not mention any penalties for returning items such as shoes. It is a bit surprising that Hammurabi rejected the leather shoes, regardless of whether or not they fit, because they probably would have been both rare and unusual in his lands at the time, given the distance lying between Crete and Mesopotamia, that is, between what is now modern Greece and Syria/Iraq.
49 The Assuwa Rebellion, which had previously been of interest to only a few scholars, came to the forefront in 1991, when a bulldozer operator was digging the blade of his machine into the shoulder of a road by the ancient site of Hattusa, capital city of the Hittites—now a two-hour car ride (208 kilometers) east of modern Ankara. The blade struck something metallic. Hopping down from his seat on the cab and reaching into the loosened dirt, he pulled out a long, thin, and surprisingly heavy green-colored object.
1177 B.C. : the year civilization collapsed by Eric H. Cline